What does Haggai teach about the priorities of God’s people?

4 min read

The Book of Haggai, a concise yet potent part of the Minor Prophets in the Old Testament, provides a profound insight into the priorities that should govern the lives of God’s people. Composed during a critical period in Jewish history, the narrative of Haggai is set against the backdrop of the Jewish community returning from Babylonian exile. The central theme of Haggai revolves around the need for prioritizing spiritual commitments over personal and secular endeavors. This message, though ancient, resonates with timeless relevance for believers today.

The Historical Context of Haggai

To fully appreciate the teachings of Haggai, it is essential to understand the historical context in which this book was written. The Israelites had returned from exile in Babylon and were faced with the daunting task of rebuilding their lives and their nation, including the reconstruction of the Temple in Jerusalem, which had been destroyed. However, the enthusiasm for rebuilding the Temple waned, and the people shifted their focus towards building their own homes and pursuing personal comfort.

The Call to Prioritize the Spiritual

Haggai’s prophetic ministry begins with a direct challenge to the misplaced priorities of the people. In Haggai 1:4, the prophet poses a piercing question from the Lord: “Is it a time for you yourselves to be living in your paneled houses, while this house remains a ruin?” This rhetorical question highlights the stark contrast between the people’s concern for their own luxurious dwellings and their negligence of the Temple, symbolizing their spiritual life and relationship with God.

The prophet’s message is clear: the people of God are to prioritize their spiritual obligations above material comforts and personal pursuits. The neglect of the Temple, the center of worship and communal life, reflected a deeper spiritual malaise—an indifference towards God’s presence and His commands.

The Consequences of Misplaced Priorities

Haggai further reveals the consequences of the people’s failure to prioritize God’s house. He points out that despite their efforts in securing personal prosperity, the results have been disappointing. Haggai 1:6 describes this frustration vividly: “You have planted much, but harvested little. You eat, but never have enough. You drink, but never have your fill. You put on clothes, but are not warm. You earn wages, only to put them in a purse with holes in it.” This vivid depiction serves as a metaphor for the futility of pursuing worldly gains without first securing one’s spiritual foundation.

The prophet explains that these hardships are not coincidental but are direct results of their neglect of the divine priorities. The message implies that when God’s people fail to live according to His will, they cannot expect His blessings on their endeavors.

The Response of the People and Divine Blessings

The narrative takes a pivotal turn when the people heed Haggai’s message. Their change in priorities leads to a communal effort to rebuild the Temple. Haggai 1:14 describes this transformation: “So the Lord stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua son of Jozadak, the high priest, and the spirit of the whole remnant of the people. They came and began to work on the house of the Lord Almighty, their God.” This verse not only highlights the collective action of the community but also underscores the role of divine inspiration in motivating and guiding the people towards fulfilling their spiritual duties.

As the people align their priorities with God’s, they begin to experience His blessings. Haggai 2:19 promises, “From this day on I will bless you.” The text suggests a restoration of divine favor as a direct consequence of the people’s obedience and recommitment to God’s priorities.

Lessons for Contemporary Believers

The teachings of Haggai are profoundly relevant to contemporary believers. In a world where materialism and self-centered pursuits often overshadow spiritual commitments, Haggai’s message serves as a timely reminder of the importance of placing God at the center of our lives. The prioritization of spiritual over material, exemplified in the rebuilding of the Temple, calls believers to reflect on their own lives and consider whether their actions reflect a heart devoted to God.

Moreover, Haggai teaches that blessings follow obedience. The principle that God blesses those who obey His commands and prioritize His kingdom is a recurring theme throughout the scriptures (Matthew 6:33). This principle encourages believers to live in a manner that aligns with God’s will, trusting that He will provide for their needs.


In conclusion, the Book of Haggai offers a compelling call to examine our priorities in light of God’s expectations. It challenges believers to consider how they are building their lives and to realign their efforts towards the advancement of God’s kingdom. Through the historical example of the Israelites, Haggai teaches that true security and prosperity come from putting God first and committing wholeheartedly to the responsibilities He has given us. This message, though rooted in a specific historical moment, provides timeless guidance for all who seek to live according to God’s will.

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