What is the purpose of the sacrament of Holy Orders?

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The sacrament of Holy Orders is a profound and essential aspect of Christian ecclesial life, holding a pivotal role within the Church’s mission and structure. To understand the purpose of Holy Orders, we must delve into its spiritual, theological, and practical dimensions, exploring how it serves the Church and the broader community of believers.

Understanding Holy Orders

Holy Orders is one of the seven sacraments recognized by many Christian denominations, particularly within the Roman Catholic, Orthodox, and Anglican traditions. It is the sacrament through which the mission entrusted by Christ to his apostles continues to be exercised in the Church until the end of time. This sacrament is composed of three degrees or orders: diaconate (deacons), presbyterate (priests), and episcopate (bishops). Each order carries distinct responsibilities and functions, yet all share in the sacramental ministry to foster the growth and spiritual well-being of the Body of Christ, the Church.

Theological Foundations

The sacrament of Holy Orders finds its biblical roots in the New Testament. Jesus Christ, whom Christians recognize as the high priest, chose the apostles and endowed them with the authority to teach, sanctify, and govern in His name (Matthew 28:19-20; John 20:21-23). This apostolic succession is critical as it ensures the continuity of the Church’s mission through the ages. The laying on of hands, mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles (Acts 6:6; 13:3) and the pastoral epistles (1 Timothy 4:14; 2 Timothy 1:6), is a significant rite in the ordination process, symbolizing the transmission of spiritual authority and grace.

Purpose of Holy Orders

To Sanctify

The primary purpose of Holy Orders is to sanctify the church. Those who receive Holy Orders are consecrated to lead the community in the celebration of the sacraments, particularly the Eucharist, which is the source and summit of Christian life. Through these sacred rites, the grace of God is made manifest and dispensed to the faithful, nurturing their spiritual growth and holiness. As St. Paul writes to the Ephesians, Christ gave ministers "to equip his people for works of service, so that the body of Christ may be built up" (Ephesians 4:12).

To Teach

Holy Orders also commissions individuals to teach and uphold the faith. This teaching mission is not merely an academic exercise but a profound responsibility to preserve and proclaim the Gospel truthfully and authentically. In his letters to Timothy, Paul emphasizes sound teaching and the guarding of the deposited faith (1 Timothy 4:6, 2 Timothy 1:13-14). Bishops, as successors of the apostles, have a particular duty to ensure that the doctrine of the Church remains pure and unaltered, serving as the custodians of faith.

To Govern

Those ordained are called to govern the Church in love and service, following the example of Christ, who came not to be served, but to serve (Matthew 20:28). This governance is exercised in various forms: pastoral care, administrative duties, and guiding the Christian community in its mission to live out the values of the Kingdom of God. The governance aspect of Holy Orders ensures that the Church remains a structured and unified body, capable of effectively fulfilling its mission.

The Sacramental Character

Holy Orders, like all sacraments, confers grace upon the recipient. This sacramental grace is a special gift that enables ordained ministers to perform their sacred duties with divine assistance. It shapes their spiritual life so that they can become effective instruments of God’s grace in the world, modeling the virtues of faith, hope, and charity.

The Community Dimension

While focusing on the roles and responsibilities of those ordained, it is crucial to understand that Holy Orders also involves the wider Christian community. The ordained are set apart not to be isolated from the faithful but to be deeply embedded within the life of the community, drawing all members closer to Christ. This communal aspect highlights the interconnectedness of all members of the Church, each contributing uniquely to its life and mission.


In conclusion, the sacrament of Holy Orders is vital for the life and health of the Church. It ensures the continuation of Christ’s ministry through the ages and equips the Church to fulfill its divine mandate. By sanctifying, teaching, and governing, the ordained ministers help to cultivate a community that reflects the love and truth of the Gospel. Through them, the sacramental life of the Church is vivified, the faith is nurtured and defended, and the Christian community is guided in its journey toward the fulfillment of the Kingdom of God. Thus, Holy Orders serves not only those who receive it but the entire Church, aiding in the salvation of all souls and the glorification of God.

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