What is the balance between upholding law and order and advocating for change?

4 min read

In the quest to understand the balance between upholding law and order and advocating for change, we must consider the profound teachings of the Bible, the nature of human society, and the role of the individual within it. This topic is not only relevant to our current social climate but has been a pivotal issue throughout human history. As a non-denominational Christian pastor, I approach this question with a perspective rooted in Scripture, which offers timeless wisdom on justice, authority, and the pursuit of righteousness.

Biblical Foundations of Law and Order

The concept of law and order is deeply embedded in the Bible. From the ancient laws given to Moses on Mount Sinai to the teachings of Jesus Christ and the writings of the Apostles, Scripture has always emphasized the importance of justice and order in society. In Romans 13:1-2, Paul the Apostle instructs, "Let everyone be subject to the governing authorities, for there is no authority except that which God has established. The authorities that exist have been established by God. Consequently, whoever rebels against the authority is rebelling against what God has instituted, and those who do so will bring judgment on themselves." This passage highlights the divine sanction of governmental authority, underscoring the belief that a well-ordered society is part of God’s plan.

However, the Bible does not advocate for blind obedience to authority. Proverbs 28:4 reminds us, "Those who forsake instruction praise the wicked, but those who heed it resist them." This suggests a duty to uphold God’s laws and principles, even when earthly laws fall short. In the face of unjust laws, the Bible supports the idea of advocating for righteous change. This is evident in the actions of the prophets, such as Daniel, who respectfully but firmly disobeyed the law when it conflicted with God’s commands (Daniel 6:10).

Jesus: The Perfect Balance

Jesus Christ Himself provides the perfect model for balancing respect for law and order with the necessity for change. He respected the law, yet challenged it when it was used to oppress or when it contradicted God’s law of love. For instance, when the Pharisees accused His disciples of breaking the Sabbath law by picking grains, Jesus corrected their misunderstanding of God’s law by saying, "The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath" (Mark 2:27). Here, Jesus advocates for a higher understanding of the law—one that prioritizes human need over legalistic adherence.

Moreover, Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5-7) reinterprets the Old Testament law, elevating it from mere external compliance to internal transformation. He taught that the spirit of the law was as important as the letter of the law, thus advocating for a change in how the law was understood and applied.

The Role of Christians in Society

As followers of Christ, Christians are called to navigate the tension between maintaining order and advocating for necessary changes. This involves discerning when to submit to authority and when to resist it in the pursuit of justice. Micah 6:8 encapsulates this calling beautifully: "He has shown you, O mortal, what is good. And what does the LORD require of you? To act justly and to love mercy and to walk humbly with your God."

In practical terms, this means Christians should be exemplary citizens who respect laws and contribute to the order of society. Yet, they should also be agents of change, speaking out against injustices and working towards reforms that reflect the kingdom of God. This dual role is not contradictory but complementary. As Martin Luther King Jr., a Christian minister and leader of the Civil Rights Movement, famously said in his Letter from Birmingham Jail, "One has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws." He exemplified how Christians could be both law-abiding and law-changing by grounding his actions in biblical principles and a deep commitment to justice.

Engaging with the Modern World

In today's world, where issues of justice and rights are ever-present, Christians are uniquely positioned to contribute to conversations about law, order, and change. Whether it's advocating for criminal justice reform, participating in peaceful protests, or voting for policies that protect the vulnerable, Christians can use their influence to promote a society that reflects God’s justice and mercy.

It is crucial, however, that this engagement is done thoughtfully and respectfully, with a spirit of love and reconciliation. Colossians 4:6 advises, "Let your conversation be always full of grace, seasoned with salt, so that you may know how to answer everyone." This guidance is vital when discussing heated and divisive issues, ensuring that advocacy for change does not become a source of further division but a bridge to greater understanding and unity.


Navigating the balance between upholding law and order and advocating for change is a complex but essential task for Christians. By looking to the Bible and the example of Jesus Christ, believers can find guidance on how to engage with the world in a way that honors God and promotes justice. In doing so, Christians not only contribute to the betterment of society but also bear witness to the transformative power of the Gospel.

Download Bible Chat

appstore-icon googleplay-icon

Related Questions

Download Bible Chat

appstore-icon googleplay-icon